Before the State was established, the area was home to
the lenape, susquehanna, irokesere, eriez, shawnee, and
other native American tribes, based on
In 1643 was the southeastern part of the State, near
Philadelphia, populated by Swedes, but control of the
area passed to the Netherlands and then on to England.
The 4. March 1681 gave Karl 2. of the UK a contract to
William Penn over the area that now includes
Pennsylvania. Penn then founded the province of
Pennsylvania as a place of religious freedom for Quakers
and gave it the Latin name, which means "Penn's
A large part of the country North and West of
Philadelphia, in the counties of Montgomery, Chester,
and Delaware, were settled by Welsh Quakers, and the
area was called for the Welsh region. Even today, many
towns and villages bear names derived from Wales.